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Dialectical Behavioral Therapy: Selena Gomez Says DBT Changed Her Life

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy: The Therapy Selena Gomez Says Changed Her Life

(This content is being used for illustrative purposes only; any person depicted in the content is a model)

Author: Shernide Delva

Recently, a form of therapy has garnered massive media attention. It is known as Dialectical Behavioral Therapy or DBT. Even Selena Gomez said it changed her life. Around August of last year, Gomez abruptly ended her Revival tour to recover from “anxiety, panic attacks, and depression,” she states was a result of her lupus condition. She says DBT specifically, allowed her to relearn the coping tools she desperately needed.

But what is DBT?

Dialectical behavioral therapy is a type of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy used to treat multiple types of mental health disorders. The theory behind the approach is that certain people are prone to react in an intense manner toward certain emotional situations, primarily those found in romantic, family or friend relationships. Often, DBT is used to treat patients with borderline personality disorder or bipolar disorder.

DBT suggests certain people have a higher sensitivity to emotional stimuli. Their emotions tend to spike more quickly than the average person. Because of this, it takes time for them to recover emotionally after experiencing these spikes in emotions.

For example, people with borderline personality disorder struggle with extreme swings in their emotions. They see the world in black-and-white shades, and always jump from one crisis to another. Those around them do not understand their reactions, so this isolates their behavior even more. They lack the coping strategies of dealing with their high surges in emotion. That’s where DBT comes in. DBT teaches them to handle their emotions better.

DBT in three formats:

  • Support-oriented:

    DBT focuses on helping a person identify their strengths and build on them so they can feel better about themselves and their future.

  • Cognitive-Based:

    DBT helps with identifying the thoughts, beliefs, and assumptions that make life harder. For example, the need for perfectionism is a common theme in many people’s lives. The need to be perfect may prevent someone from succeeding entirely. Therefore, DBT helps people acquire new ways of thinking that makes life more bearable. Another common emotion is anger. A person may feel if they get angry, it is their fault, and they are a horrible person. DBT teaches that anger is a natural human emotion.

  • Collaborative:

    DBT works in a collaborative environment. Patients are encouraged to work out any relationship conflicts they may have with their therapist and therapists are told to do the same. DBT asks patients to complete homework assignments, role-play and practice coping skills. Then, the individual therapist works one-on-one with the patient to help them master their DBT skills.

Typically, dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) has two main components:

  1. Individual weekly psychotherapy sessions:

    These emphasize problem-solving behaviors for the past week’s issues and troubles that arose in a person’s life. Any self-injurious or suicidal behaviors take priority, followed by any problems that could interfere with the therapy process. The weekly sessions in DBT focus on decreasing and dealing with post-traumatic stress response from previous trauma and helping a person enhance their self-worth.

  2. Weekly group therapy sessions:

    A trained DBT therapist will lead sessions where people learn skills related to interpersonal effectiveness, distress tolerance/reality acceptance skills, emotion regulation, and mindfulness skills.

The Four Modules of Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Furthermore, there are four modules of dialectical behavioral therapy. They focus on:

  • Emotion Regulation:

    Individuals who are suicidal or borderline struggle with emotional intensity. They benefit in learning how to regulate their emotions. Furthermore, DBT teaches skills for emotional regulation such as:

    • Identifying and labeling emotions
    • Identifying obstacles to changing emotions
    • Reducing vulnerability to “emotion mind.”
    • Increasing positive emotional events
    • Increasing mindfulness to current emotions
    • Taking opposite action
  • Distress Tolerance:

    Lastly, this area approaches mental health by changing distressing events and circumstances. Individuals learn to bear pain skillfully. They learn to accept themselves and the current situation. While the focus is on nonjudgmental thinking, this does not mean they must approve of the reality: “Acceptance of reality is not approval of reality.”

  • Interpersonal Effectiveness:

    This principle focuses on asking what one needs and learning to say no. It also emphasizes coping with interpersonal conflict. Those with borderline personality disorder usually have good interpersonal skills. They may lack the skills necessary for generating or analyzing their personal circumstances. This part of DBT focuses on applying coping skills in their particular situation.

  • Mindfulness:

    In DBT, patients learn the core principles of mindfulness.  The focus is on emphasizing what tasks are necessary to practice core mindfulness skills. Furthermore, this area concentrates on the “how” skills and allows the individual to incorporate mindfulness into their daily lives.

Therapy is an essential tool in early recovery. Whether you are struggling with addiction or mental illness, it is crucial to take the first step in transforming your life. Do not feel ashamed if you are currently battling a mental illness or addiction. Instead, take charge of your life by seeking the assistance of professionals. We are waiting for your call. Do not wait. Call today.

   CALL NOW 1-800-951-6135

Addiction and Borderline Personality Disorder

Addiction and Borderline Personality Disorder

When it comes to treating addiction and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) simultaneously, the similarities between addiction and BPD can make a correct diagnosis tough. At Palm Partners, we are able to treat Addiction and Borderline Personality Disorder because we are a dual-diagnosis treatment facility. Borderline personality disorder is known by a few characteristics that are also frequently seen in someone with an addiction. The characteristics of borderline personality disorder are someone who is extremely manipulative, dramatic and needy. There is more to borderline personality disorder though.

This kind of behavior stems from a way to cope with overpowering fear and emotional pain. The emotional insecurity and pain along with impulsive behaviors put someone with BPD at a high risk for addiction or can be confused with addiction and in some situations where both are obvious, worsen the symptoms.

Addiction and Borderline Personality Disorder: Diagnosis

When addiction and borderline personality disorder correspond with each other it can be really tough to treat. The resemblances between addiction and borderline personality disorder can make a proper diagnosis practically impossible. When addiction and borderline personality disorder overlap, the symptoms are very much the same, both are characterized by: impulsive and self-destructive behaviors, mood swings, manipulative and deceitful actions, lack of concern for one’s own safety and health, insistence on chasing dangerous behavior, suicidal behavior, depression, paranoia, and instability in jobs, finances and relationships.

Since the characteristics between addiction and borderline personality disorder are so alike, it shows you that it is really important that an individual with drug addiction try to find a dual diagnosis program. In dual diagnosis programs they can successfully diagnose between mental illness and drug abuse.

Addiction and Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment

Treating addiction and borderline personality disorder is very well-known amongst mental health professionals as being challenging. Clients with addiction and borderline personality disorder frequently will make impractical demands of their therapists and will most likely need continuous contact with their treatment team. An individual with an addiction and BPD might come off as reliant on others because they are often searching for caretakers who can satisfy their emotional needs. They can also be the exact opposite and rebel against their caretakers and become aggressive, angry and paranoid for no reason. This is specifically true of someone with a borderline personality disorder and the addiction just intensifies it.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is one of the most effective ways to approach addiction and borderline personality disorder. DBT is centered on the belief that change can be balanced with self-acceptance. DBT assists individuals with severe psychiatric disorder in creating significant and established lives. This is particularly imperative in someone with an addiction and borderline personality disorder because when someone has an addiction it may appear that they have a mental illness when they really don’t; so using medication to treat mental health issues could be unsafe for someone who has an addiction. While waiting for an addict to recover from their addiction somewhat it is best to use some kind of therapy until an accurate diagnosis can be determined. This makes DBT perfect for someone with addiction and borderline personality disorder. DBT is presented at most drug and alcohol treatment centers including Palm Partners. Some of the benefits of a dual diagnosis program that offers DBT for addiction and borderline personality disorder are: it helps the client find motivation to make changes in their life, it teaches the client to manage moods and handle triggers, it eliminates environmental cues and social situations that promote alcohol or drug abuse, it reduces cravings, it helps the client achieve recovery goals and clients are able to identify and purse self-affirmative activities that help them connect with others. If you or a loved one are struggling with substance abuse or addiction, please call toll free 1-800-951-6135.

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