A decade of “mom and pop” meth labs, being heroin chic, up all night at the rave and totally stoned.
Federal funding for the war on drugs reached $17.1 billion dollars. At this period of time, 34% of Americans admitted to having tried marijuana.
In the 1990s there was decline in most drug abuse but not all. In the 1990s there was a rise in pot smoking, the rise of the rave culture, and also “mom and pop” labs of methamphetamine. Heroin use in the 1990s also increased, as well as the number of overdoses. In fact, you can see see the residual effects of the drug trends in the fashion industry.
Here is a fun fact, heroin became so popular that the reason most models look the way they do today is because of it. The 1990s came up with the trend “heroin chic”. Heroin chic was a look popularized in mid-1990s fashion and was characterized by pale skin, dark circles underneath the eyes and angular bone structure. The look gave way to emaciated models such as Kate Moss. A 1996 article in the Los Angeles Times stated that the fashion industry had “a nihilistic vision of beauty” that was reflective of drug addiction and U.S. News and World Report called the movement a “cynical trend”.
The 1990s saw an increase in pot use, ecstasy use, and crystal meth. “Ecstasy and crystal meth are popular in California, meth is big in the Midwest, and the New Jersey Turnpike is just ‘the Heroin Highway’,” -Unknown
Marijuana use in the 1990s: Marijuana use among American youths and young adults increased substantially during the 1990s. Much of the increase in marijuana use could have been attributable to the growing popularity of blunts. If you ever wonder if there really was an increase in marijuana use just listen to the music. Much of the music and culture of the 90s was surrounded by the idea of getting “stoned”. Think, Cypress Hill.
Heroin use in the 1990s: During what seemed like an epidemic of urban heroin use in the 1970’s, the images of the typical addict — strung out, nodding off on street corners, track marks along every vein — were so strong that they turned off an entire generation of potential users. Those images did not resonate so strongly in places where addicts were seen only on television. So when heroin became purer and cheaper as well as able to be smoked or snorted, in the 1990’s, it took root in predominantly white, working- and middle-class communities. Heroin in the 1990s was one of the most deadly of the illegal drugs leading to overdoses of many famous people such as Sublime’s front man Bradley Nowell who died in 1996 and The Smashing Pumpkins band mate Jonathan Melvoin also in 1996. Heroin was glamorized within the music industry as well as the fashion industry.
Meth use in the 1990s: PDFA studies found that use by high school students more than doubled between 1990 and 1996. New ways to cook methamphetamine appeared in 1990s. Some new versions were four to six times stronger and more addictive. Greatest use was seen in the Southwest and West. Methamphetamine use began and grew in the rural Midwest. Rural locations became ideal for cooking of methamphetamine because of geographic isolation, available supply of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine and anhydrous ammonia. In 1996, congress passed the Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act, which regulated mail order and chemical companies selling chemicals. For example, people who bought large quantities of red phosphorous, iodine and hydrochloric gas would have to show they would use them for legitimate purposes. Law enforcement agents became allowed to track large mail order purchases of pseudoephedrine, another precursor chemical. Chemical supply companies would now be punished if they sold chemicals to people who make methamphetamine.
Ecstasy use in the 1990s: MDMA use rose sharply among college students and young adults during the 1990s, according to the 1995 Monitoring the Future study. Beginning in 1987 on the Spanish island of Ibiza, British vacationers had all-night parties with loud, beat-driven dance music in crowded conditions. Raves spread first to the United Kingdom and then to the United States. By the mid-1990s they were all over the place, especially in big cities. The use of “club drugs” to enhance the enjoyment of the party experience was already established in America, where certain “discos” had already been catering to cocaine and amphetamine users. Ecstasy fit into the rave scene better than cocaine, however. High on ecstasy, shy or cautious people became wild dancers, open and friendly to strangers, and they were able to stay awake all night. By the time raves became established in the United States, ecstasy had already been added to the Schedule I list of controlled substances by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Emergency room visits sparked by bad reactions to ecstasy spiked from 253 in 1994 to 5,542 in 2001, according to the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) report.
These were a few of the biggest drug abuse trends of the 90s. Did you experience any of this? How old were you in the 1990s? Did you fall into any of these trends? Can you point out any other things about the 1990s that really led to the increase in drug abuse?
If you or someone you love is in need of alcohol or drug addiction treatment, please give us a call at 800-951-6135.
As much as party goers, ravers, and clubbers would like to believe that “club drugs” aren’t addictive that just isn’t the truth. Ecstasy, GHB, Ketamine, Molly, and Rohypnol are all addictive.
The effects of club drugs
The term “club drugs” refers to a wide variety of drugs often used at all night parties (“raves”), nightclubs, and concerts. Club drugs can damage neurons in the brain and can impair the senses, memory, judgment and coordination. Club drugs also can have different effects on the body. Some common effects of club drugs are loss of muscle control and motor control, blurred vision, and seizures. Club drugs like ecstasy are also stimulants that can increase heart rate and blood pressure and can also lead to heart or kidney failure. Other club drugs like GHB are central nervous system depressants that can cause drowsiness, unconsciousness or breathing problems.
Club drugs also affect a person’s self-control. Many club drugs like GHB and Rohypnol are used in date rape incidences because they are sedatives that can make a person unconscious and immobilize them. Rohypnol or “roofies” can cause a kind of amnesia where users may or may not remember what they said or did while under the influence of the drugs. Club drugs are also risky because it is never certain to know exactly what chemicals were used to produce them. For instance, many ecstasy pills will have methamphetamine in them and the amount of each varies each time. And last but not least, club drugs in the worst case scenario can be fatal. High doses of club drugs can cause severe breathing doses, coma or even death.
So can you become addicted to “club drugs”?
Absolutely. Many club drugs such as ecstasy and even molly can have methamphetamine (“meth”), speed, cocaine or even heroin, which is very addictive in them. People also can become addicted if they use GHB, Ketamine repeatedly. These drugs can cause severe and long-lasting symptoms. Even if someone doesn’t become physically addicted to club drugs they can become psychologically addicted to the feeling the drugs produce. IT is also possible for a person who is taking club drugs to begin developing a tolerance the drugs and this is the beginning of a physical or psychological addict or both. Tolerance to club drugs means that the club drug user has to take more and more of the substance to achieve the same effects as before. This can lead to not only an addiction, physically or psychologically, but can also make using club drugs much more dangerous. The biggest danger though with becoming addicted to club drugs is taking a club drug such as ecstasy frequently and regularly and then finding out that it isn’t ecstasy you are now addicted to but meth or heroin if that is what your MDMA is cut with. That can be really scary.
So if you are wondering if you can become addicted to club drugs the answer is yes. Whether it is psychologically or physically or even to another substance that is in the club drugs, the truth is you can become addicted to club drugs.
If you or your loved one is in need of treatment Club Drug Addiction please give us a call at 800-951-6135.
Meth, over the years, has gained quite the reputation. We all know the physical signs of meth due to ads and billboards featuring before and after pictures of people on meth aka The Meth Project. And bath salts? Well, bath salts gained notoriety pretty quick due to the little incident of one man eating another man’s face that gave every zombie fan everywhere something to worry about. Luckily, last year’s cannibalism was a false alarm on the zombie apocalypse even though all the warnings about bath salts weren’t and well meth is still going steady as it always has. Today substance showdown is between two heavy hitters: Bath salts and meth. Who will be the winner?
This is a substance showdown: Bath Salts vs. Meth
The two substances, bath salts and meth will go head to head for three rounds based on: health effects, insidiousness and legality, and withdrawal. The winner is the worst of each category and the winner will be the one who wins the most categories. Let’s see who comes out on top in today’s VS BATH SALTS vs. METH!
ROUND 1: HEALTH EFFECTS
- Bath salts effects tend to last about three or four hours, but rapid heartbeat, increased blood pressure and other effects of a stimulant may last longer.
- High doses have caused intense and extended panic attacks in some people. Since this drug is a stimulant, it tends to disrupt sleep. A person who takes the drug frequently may suffer from sleep-deprivation psychosis. Addiction is also a very likely effect.
- Mentally, the user will experience euphoria, alertness, anxiety and agitation. He will probably not feel hungry. He may have a headache, tense muscles, increased body temperature, nosebleeds and dilated pupils. He may also be dizzy and confused and may grind his teeth. But those are the milder effects.
- The more serious effects include fits, hallucinations, aggression, suicidal thoughts or attempts and psychotic delusions. Physically, a person can experience liver failure, kidney failure, and loss of bowel control, and rhabdomyolysis which is a spontaneous breakdown of muscle fiber that can lead to death.
- Tragically, one of the effects of bath salts abuse is death, either because of the direct effect of the drug or because of a person’s actions. In March 2011, a young man in New Jersey killed his girlfriend while he was under the influence of bath salts. A young woman who injected bath salts lost the arm the drugs were injected into, her shoulder, breast and other tissue after a flesh-eating bacteria destroyed the muscles in that part of her body. She survived. A young man in Louisiana thought his house was surrounded by police and tried to cut his own throat. His family stopped him and the cut was stitched up, but he succeeded in shooting himself the next day. These are only a few of the many stories of self-destruction and harm resulting from bath salts.
In 2010, there were 304 calls to poison control centers about this drug, but more than 6,000 in 2011. Since the drugs have been banned in 31 states, there have only been 2,250 in the first six months of 2012.
- Loss of appetite
- Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature
- Dilation of pupils
- Disturbed sleep patterns
- Bizarre, erratic, sometimes violent behavior
- Hallucinations, hyperexcitability, irritability
- Panic and psychosis
- Convulsions, seizures and death from high doses
- Permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain, high blood pressure leading to heart attacks, strokes and death
- Liver, kidney and lung damage
- Destruction of tissues in nose if sniffed
- Respiratory (breathing) problems if smoked
- Infectious diseases and abscesses if injected
- Malnutrition, weight loss
- Severe tooth decay
- Disorientation, apathy, confused exhaustion
- Strong psychological dependence
- Damage to the brain similar to Alzheimer’s disease, stroke and epilepsy
- Collapse or death
ROUND 1 HEALTH EFFECTS: WINNER IS NEITHER IT IS A DRAW
ROUND 2 INSIDIOUSNESS AND LEGALITY
Meth: Schedule II drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a high potential for abuse, less abuse potential than Schedule I drugs such as marijuana, with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence. Meth is a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act. Meth has little to no insidiousness because it is well known in its effects and addictiveness. Most people have seen The Meth Project’s before and after photos of meth users either on T.V., on billboards, on the internet or maybe even in their D.A.R.E class. Most people who end up smoking meth know the horrors and dangers of it but think either it can’t or won’t happen again. As some of us have heard before the saying “just once” is what most future meth addicts say. This doesn’t make meth insidious. Although on a little side note, I was kind of surprised to find out that Schedule II substance along with prescription narcotics. I don’t know if this is supposed to be saying meth isn’t that dangerous or that prescription narcotics are more dangerous than people like to think.
Bath Salts: In July 2012, the Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act made it illegal to possess, use, or distribute many of the chemicals used to make bath salts, including Mephedrone and MDPV. Methylone, another such chemical, remains under a DEA regulatory ban. In all, the law covers 26 chemicals, all of them ingredients in synthetic drugs. This wasn’t always the case though. At some point bath salts were legal. And many new and different chemical formulas of bath salts are legal because the makers find loopholes in the DEA ban of chemicals. This made and still makes bath salts very insidious. Bath salts because of their legality were and still are assumed by many users to be “less bad” than other substances. Also, bath salts would seem “safer” because they are manufactured-this just isn’t so. Just because something is legal doesn’t mean it is safe and also, just because as we are all learning, something is manufactured it doesn’t mean it is safe either. All legality and manufacturing does for bath salts, is make it sneakier. I mean if we look at the health effects of bath salts, quite obviously they are not safe. So why are so many people continuing to use them? In many cases the answer to this question is because of the legality. I mean even the name for this potent substance gives it the feeling of being “light” or “not dangerous”, bath salts? I mean, c’mon. It is manufactured to sound safe. This makes bath salts ridiculously insidious. Bath salts are like the highest trained assassins that aren’t even human (kind of like the Terminator) and they are trained to kill and nearly incapable of being stopped.
THE WINNER OF ROUND 2 IS BATH SALTS Bath salts are much more insidious than meth. The dangers of meth are well documented and meth is very illegal. Bath salts not only are questionable in their chemical makeup, but are also marketed to seem safe as well as being legal or sold in legal places not on the street.
ROUND 3 ADDICTIVENESS AND WITHDRAWAL
Meth: Methamphetamine can be taken orally, smoked, snorted, or injected. The user will experience a sudden “rush” of pleasure directly after smoking or injecting the drug. This sensation only lasts for about a minute or two while the effects of meth can last from 30 minutes to 12 hours. Meth also has a high risk of dependency in users. If the user becomes dependent, they need more and more of the substance to feel the high. Methamphetamine withdrawal varies depending on the level of addiction and frequency of meth use.
1. Depression: It can be very difficult to deal with the mental anguish that you obtain from meth. Withdrawal from methamphetamine has been associated with depression.
2. Fatigue: Once an individual stops using meth they can become extremely tired. Without the artificial source of energy, the person begins to feel uncomfortable and deprived of energy.
3. Changes in Heart Rhythm: Methamphetamine is a stimulant, and can cause irregular heartbeats. When the addict stops using the drug changes in heart rhythm may occur.
Bath salts: A new study finds that the active ingredient in the drug is more addictive than even methamphetamine, one of the most addictive substances we know. Rats pressed a lever as many as 900 times in an attempt to get a dose of the powerful stimulant, nearly four times the effort they would exert to get a similar dose of highly addictive methamphetamine, according to experiments done at the Scripps Research Institute. While on the drug, the rats exhibited obsessive behaviors, licking biting and sniffing the sides of their cage.
In order to avoid severe bath salts withdrawal symptoms medical intervention and 24-hour medical support is vital, since anti-depressant therapy as well as psychotherapy will be helpful for patients with depressive states due to bath salts. Bath salts withdrawal symptoms are similar to methamphetamine withdrawal.
- Decreased appetite
- Too much sleep or inability to sleep
- Psychotic behaviors
THE WINNER OF ROUND 3 IS BATH SALTS Not a lot is known about bath salts but more is definitely coming out with time. While bath salts are not much worse in the withdrawal category it does seem like the research is pointing towards bath salts being more addictive than meth. This makes bath salts are winner of round three.
AND THE WINNER OF THE SUBSTANCE SHOWDOWN BATH SALTS VS. METH IS. . .
Bath salts may be one of the worst substances out there, end of discussion. Not only because of its health effects but also because of its insidiousness and the maker’s ability to circumvent the laws banning the chemicals used to make it by using other dangerous chemicals. Not only that but the effects of bath salts are not totally well known and because of the legality people assume they may be safer. The addictive potential of bath salts also seems to be gaining some repute with the recent studies on it. This makes bath salts our winning contender in the battle of which substance is worse. If you are thinking you are okay because you bought bath salts in a gas station, think again, you might just want to go hit the streets in search of meth or better yet get sober and stay sober.
Check out our other Substance Showdown blogs:
Alcohol v. Marijuana
Ecstasy v. Molly
Heroin v. Prescription Painkillers
Powder Cocaine v. Crack
If your loved one is in need of Bath Salts or Meth addiction treatment please give us a call at 800-951-6135.
In order to discuss meth addiction treatment, it is important to understand what meth is and how it affects the user. The term “meth” is short for methamphetamine, which is a highly addictive stimulant that affects the central nervous system. Methamphetamine causes increased activity and talkativeness, decreased appetite, and a general sense of well-being. Street names include “speed,” “crank,” “glass,” “chalk,” “crystal,” “ice,” among others.
Medical uses for methamphetamine are limited. Methamphetamine is prescribed for ADHD and certain cases of obesity. Off-label uses include the treatment of narcolepsy and for cases of treatment-resistant depression.
Meth is used recreationally for the desired “high” it produces. Besides the euphoric rush, meth users experience increased wakefulness and physical activity and decreased appetite. Methamphetamine causes cardiovascular problems, such as rapid heart rate, irregular heartbeat, and increased blood pressure. Hyperthermia (elevated body temperature) and convulsions can occur from an overdose of meth, and if not treated immediately, can result in death.
One of the most detrimental long term effects of meth use and abuse is addiction. Therefore, it is necessary for meth addiction treatment. In addition, long term meth users experience psychosis (paranoia, hallucinations, repetitive motor activity), changes in brain structure and function, memory loss, aggressive or violent behavior, mood disturbances, severe dental problems, and weight loss.
The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), which collects information on drug-related episodes from hospital emergency rooms throughout the nation, has reported a greater than 50% increase in the number of ER visits related to meth abuse between 1995 and 2002.
Meth addiction treatment and abuse has also increased substantially. In 1992, there were approximately 21,000 treatment admissions in which meth was identified as the primary drug of abuse, representing more than 1% of all treatment admissions. By 2004, the number of methamphetamine treatment admissions increased to more than 150,000, representing 8% of all admissions.
Treatment for meth addiction is crucial because the withdrawal can be at least, uncomfortable and at most, can lead to a potentially fatal situation. Once meth addicts stop using, they experience fatigue, depression, increased appetite, excessive sleeping, anxiety, irritability, headaches, and suicidal ideation (obsessive thoughts of suicide).
Treatment for Meth Addiction
Currently, the most effective meth addiction treatment is a combination of behavioral therapies such as cognitive behavioral and contingency management interventions. Contingency management interventions that are used for the meth addiction treatment provide tangible rewards in exchange for complying with treatment while maintaining abstinence. A comprehensive behavioral treatment approach includes behavioral therapy, family education, individual counseling, 12-Step support, drug testing for accountability, and encouragement for clean and sober activities, and this has been shown to be effective in the treatment for meth addiction and abuse.
As for medications, there are none whose specific purpose is that of the meth addiction treatment. However, there has been some research that shows that the use of certain anti-depressants has decreased cravings that arise from so-called “triggers” and that these medications diminish the “high” that is experienced when the meth addict actually uses.
If you or someone you love is looking for meth addiction treatment, please give us a call at 800-951-6135.
It could be yourself that has the meth addiction or it could be someone you love. Meth addiction is running rampant in the United States and has been for quite a while. Also known as ice, glass, tina, beanies, clear, cris, cristina, crypto, fast and sploosh, meth is one of the most deceiving and hard to beat drugs there are. If only the bad experiences with meth addiction were experienced first than no one would become addicted but unfortunately a meth addiction starts making a person feel euphoric. This is what makes meth so easy to become addicted to; the very intense euphoria and feel good feelings.
So how do you beat meth addiction?
Two things: Prevention and Rehabilitation
How to beat meth addiction: Prevention
One of the best ways to beat meth addiction is to prevent it from happening all together. People need to know the facts about meth and they need to know all the facts. The reason that meth is so addictive is because there are very few negatives about the drug when a person first starts using it. The fact is that meth makes a person feel incredibly good-in the beginning of use. That is the part that most people don’t realize about meth addiction. If people only knew that what they feel at the beginning of a meth addiction will soon be replaced by a life that is in absolute and total shambles they might stay away from it and not even risk having a meth addiction. People in the grips of a meth addiction spend their entire livelihoods searching and chasing that euphoria they got in the beginning. Meth addiction never has a happy ending. It always ends in a deterioration of health, jail, death or multiple stints in rehab. Not only that, but a meth addiction leads to hurt-lots of hurt. Just as any addiction harms everyone who knows the addicted person and the addicted person themselves the same goes for meth addiction. Want to beat meth addiction? Learn about meth addiction and never pick it up in the first place.
How to beat meth addiction: Meth Rehab
If it is already too late to prevent the meth addiction, and you or a loved one are in the grips of a meth addiction, than the only other way to beat the meth addiction is by going to rehab. Meth rehab isn’t easy and it won’t be fun initially but it is one of the only ways to beat meth addiction and to restore life again. Meth addiction is one of the most difficult addictions to conquer because of the intense cravings associated with it. That is why in order to beat meth addiction, meth rehab is a must. The good thing about all of this is that meth addiction can be beaten. Meth addiction has been beaten before by many people and it can be beaten again by anyone who is a meth addict in the future. The misery that has become the life of someone with a meth addiction can be replaced by happiness. Meth addiction is one the easiest addictions to recognize and luckily meth rehab can help. Meth rehab can put someone with a meth addiction in a safe place and begin to teach them the tools they will need in order to stay sober for the rest of their life.
If it is you trying to beat meth addiction or a loved one, you know the destruction it can cause. There are really only two ways to beat meth addiction and that is either through not getting addicted in the first place or seeking outside help from a meth rehabilitation facility. Going to a good meth rehab program can make the difference between life and death.
If you or someone you love is trying to beat meth addiction, give us a call at