When we are in a crucial time of combating substance use disorder and drug addiction in America, it could be useful to remind everyone of the key differences in different drug categories and which common drugs can qualify for these descriptions.
Needless to say, this is not a complete list of every known drug. Truthfully, there is a vast library of known chemical combinations that are utilized as either medical treatments or abused as a means of recreational intoxication. There are the more abstract medications that have no known recreational use, and there are many synthetics that can be far more complicated.
Still, plenty of drugs that we know of have been put into different classes. Here is a brief breakdown of the different drug categories and what drugs qualify.
Prescription Medical Drugs
First we will make a more solid distinction between medical drugs and recreational drugs. Sadly, prescription drug abuse has become a major problem in the country. The opioid crisis has been largely impacted by the abuse of drugs created for medical use. It is important to be aware of the dangers of prescription medical drugs.
Many medical drugs have side effects that make them appealing to people who don’t have a real medical reason to be prescribed these substances. Common medical drugs to be abused include:
The tragedy we have learned through the opioid crisis is that even though these drugs are typically prescribed for medical purposes, they can be extremely dangerous. That includes people who use them recreationally, and for those who are prescribed the medication because of the risk of physical dependence.
Some prescription drugs are more addictive than others, and many can be deadly when taken improperly or with other drugs, especially alcohol.
Recreational drugs are substances specifically used to achieve a desired feeling, or to get ‘high’. Most recreational drugs are illegal. Some legal drugs are recreational, and some recreational drugs are legalized in certain areas for medicinal purposes.
Recreational drugs are typically categorized into three main categories: depressants, stimulants and hallucinogens.
Depressants, which are also called ‘downers’ are drugs that depress activity in the body, meaning they slow down the messages sent to and from the brain. Examples of depressant drugs include:
- Opiates (such as heroin and morphine)
- Sedatives (such as Valium)
- Some glues, petrols and other solvents
An individual is at an even higher risk of overdose from depressant drugs when consuming different types of depressants at the same time. Large amounts of depressants can cause life-threatening respiratory issues and loss of consciousness.
Stimulant drugs are also known as ‘uppers’. The term refers to the way these drugs make someone feel ‘up’ or ‘alert’ by speeding up the messages sent to and from your brain. Examples of stimulants include:
- Amphetamines (such as speed or ice)
Some of the hazardous side effects of stimulant drugs include:
- Severe strain on the heart
- Increased body temperature
Combining different stimulant drugs, or using stimulants with depressant drugs can create even more strain on the heart and the body, which can cause major health problems or even death.
Hallucinogen drugs are psychoactive agents which can cause hallucinations, anomalies in perception, and other substantial subjective changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness. Examples of hallucinogens include:
- LSD (acid)
- ‘Magic’ mushrooms
- High doses of cannabis
Hallucinogen drugs do a number on the mind, and therefore they tend to make people experience things like:
- Risk taking behavior
Legal VS Illegal
One thing that we should always keep in mind is that a drug isn’t necessarily safe just because it is legal. Whether or not a drug is illegal, it can still pose a great deal of problems to different people for different reasons.
Consider alcohol. This is a legal substance, but it is still considered by many to be the most dangerous drug there is. That isn’t to say that it is as potent as drugs like heroin, but the danger rating comes from the fact that it is deadly, addictive AND highly accessible! For one, someone can get alcohol poisoning and die if they drink too much. Also, alcohol withdrawals can be some of the most dangerous there are. Add in the fact that it is extremely addictive, even more lethal when combined with other drugs, and can be purchased on pretty much every corner in America.
THAT is a dangerous drug.
Then, there are synthetic drugs. These substances can be ambiguous when it comes to being flat out illegal. For a while there were constantly news stories about new dangerous synthetic drugs being sold as “legal highs” that were making people deathly ill. In some cases, people did die.
Synthetic drugs can also fall into any of these categories, for example:
These drugs can be far more dangerous than others because of the often random chemical combinations they come in, being cooked in homemade labs with substances that have no clinical trials on human biology.
Drug and alcohol rehab programs are designed to put you in the best position to succeed with as many resources as possible, and it all starts with a healthy detox. Understanding the different drug categories may help you better understand the importance of a safe and effective treatment program. If you or someone you love is struggling with substance abuse or addiction, please call toll-free now.
CALL NOW 1-800-951-6135
Author: Justin Mckibben
The wild world of Electronic Dance Music (EDM) and the rave culture that surrounds it is often perceived as synonymous with drugs and alcohol. People assume that these shows are meant for doing drugs in order to enhance the live experience and heighten the senses to create a feeling of escapism. Although this may be a true narrative in some circles within the EDM culture, it is also another stigma that isn’t always the law of rave-land.
The stereotype is often used to define the dance world as a whole, but is not every regular raver’s reality. Many people in recovery still have a close connection to the music they love, and bask in the full immersion of off-the-hook crowds. Sobriety isn’t just meant for those who enjoy being home-bodies.
Recently, a famous EDM DJ known as Bassnectar took to social media to share a story and a strong message of the highly underestimated recovery community with the EDM culture.
Background on Bassnectar
For a little background, Bassnectar is an American DJ and record producer from the San Francisco Bay Area who performs regularly at various music festivals, including:
- Okeechobee Music & Arts Festival
The artist finished in 4th place in the 2013 America’s Best DJ competition, and while he has not toured for several years he has hosted numerous events of his own. His “family gatherings” are two or three day bass music events, named BassCenter with location changing every year. As of April 2017, the East Coast family gathering is to be held in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The event has since been dubbed Basslantic City.
Sober Fan Reaches Out
Recently a fan on Twitter messaged Bassnectar asking for help to sell his Basslantic City ticket because of a recent decision to be clean and sober. Bassnectar took a screen-shot of the message and shared the fans concern, which included that:
“I really want to go to Basslantic City but all my friends drink and do drugs so I don’t wanna put myself in that position as of right now…”
The fan was hesitant to be put in a tricky position due to being surrounded by friends who would be using drugs and drinking. It is refreshing to see someone who is trying to clean up take such a big step in making difficult but responsible choices. Still, Bassnectar wanted to show more than just compassion for sobriety; he wanted to give an proactive message of support to any fans struggling with a similar decision.
Bassnectar Makes Social Media Statement For Sober Fans
The DJ was quick to give the fan his congratulations immediately for taking a stand in changing his life. Not only did he give props to the fan, but Bassnectar responded with a lengthy message of support and offered to help connect him with other fans who feel the same way:
In his message to the fan he states:
“You most definitely DON’T need drugs to fit in, and also there are so many [THOUSANDS] of people who will be in Atlantic City with us this weekend, who won’t be abusing drugs…”
He went on to offer to connect the fan with sober contacts in the EDM community who would be there.
Following the conversation, Bassnectar took to his own Facebook account and made a long post about his support for clean and sober fans in the EDM crowd. He spoke at length about his own friends and peers, and about how his path has led him to focus more on health and clarity.
“Without judgments, I just wanted to share my own perspective that while it’s an amazing feeling to get high off the music (and ‘the vibe’) of a live music experience, it by no means needs to go hand-and-hand with drug abuse, or even with taking drugs or drinking.”
While Bassnectar did admit to having a glass of wine once in a while, and that he himself isn’t a recovery avatar, he went on to share his own experience and opinions on how he likes to keep clear, stating:
“I shared that from my own experience I prefer a clear head, a healthy body, and a nervous system with heightened sensitivity – I prefer health over ‘fun’”
Bassnectar went on to explain that while he had no intention of shaming any of his fans that do indulge or choose to party in more intense ways, he did advocate for building on the community of sober music lovers who show up to big concerts. He did share his own perspective on how the culture of getting high at concerts pressures people into doing things they shouldn’t do, but that he believed as an artist getting “high on the music” was a beautiful thing.
“Also, I just have to say, as an artist, I have zero interest in seeing my fans get ‘f**ked up’ – I don’t glorify violence of any kind, and I think that reckless drug abuse can be a form of violence.”
“I think it can be dangerous to ingest various chemicals in order to get a buzz. It may not ALWAYS be dangerous, but there is a risk! And in my opinion it’s not worth the risk – I have lost several dear friends to drug overdoses, and I have seen several people’s lives SHATTERED by drug abuse, by alcohol abuse, or by not living with a deep gratitude for health, and the care that comes with it – so I hope to inspire that care in anyone reading this.”
The Dj then concluded his message with:
“So if you are thinking of attending without drugs or alcohol and want to make a new friend, please email firstname.lastname@example.org and we will put you in touch with other bass heads who have the same attitude and will be there this weekend.
Again, NO JUDGEMENTS: we love you *ALL* and we are thrilled for the wild adventures that are about to take place in just a few days…. travel safe!”
Looking at the post and the comments on Bassnectar’s Facebook, over a thousand people have shared the post, with hundreds of comments showing support and solidarity for those in the EDM community who are recovering alcoholics and addicts, or simply people who are choosing to live a clean and sober life. Even specific groups like Hummingbirds (BassHeads for sobriety) reached out to offer a fellowship of strong sober support for the fans.
It is awesome to see advocacy and awareness from an artist so popular in a genre so frequently depicted as appealing to drug users and hard partiers. The stereotype is so common even among people who regularly attend the shows, but there is a large community of people who enjoy music festivals while being sober. You don’t need drugs or alcohol to have an awesome experience.
Music festivals are a unique experience, but some people use them as an excuse to abuse drugs that can dull them to that experience and put themselves at serious risk. There is a way to enjoy the exciting parts of life without getting high, and real recovery means learning how. If you or someone you love is struggling with substance abuse or addiction, please call toll-free now.
CALL NOW 1-800-951-6135
Author: Justin Mckibben
Have you ever felt high just by staring into someone’s eyes?
Well then you have probably been in love, at least once. Sounds like part of a sonnet or something, but maybe it’s more than a weakness for the hopeless romantic like myself. Maybe you really can catch a buzz off of someone else’s iris.
Apparently new experiments are claiming that staring intensely into a pair of eyes for a prolonged period of time can actually make people enter into an altered state of consciousness. LSD who?
Staring at Yourself
This isn’t the first time vision researcher Giovanni Caputo from the University of Urbino in Italy has studied the staring contest. In fact a few years ago he recruited 50 volunteers, asking each of them to gaze upon their reflections in a mirror for 10 minutes in a dimly lit room.
What is intriguing is that many of them attested to experiencing something trippy in less than 1 minute! Now that is a quick buzz.
Their faces began to warp and change, taking on the appearance of:
- Deceased family members
This is a phenomenon that has been dubbed the “strange-face illusion.”
Now it appears these bizarre effects can become even more dramatic when we stare into another person instead of a mirror.
Staring Contest Study
So how is it we can experience this crazy trip from looking at someone’s eyes? I mean some people are taught it’s respectful to look someone in the eye as a kid, so how is it all the sudden we can do that and hallucinate?
This time around Caputo recruited 40 young adults and sorted them into pairs:
- Each pair then sat in chairs in a dimly lit room
- Participants were positioned 3.3 feet (1 meter) apart
- Half of the pairs sat opposite one another, staring at each other’s neutral expressions
- Half of the pairs sat back-to-back, staring at the wall
Lighting in the room was set so participants could pick up fine facial features, but color perception was diminished. Just for extra measure the participants, were told the study involved a meditative experience. So they were not informed of the nature of the study to assure any effects were not the result of them trying to meet any expectation.
After 10 minutes, participants then filled in questionnaires about their experiences in the room.
According to the British Psychological Society those in the group that faced one another described some very intruiging effects compared to the control group, including:
- Higher levels of attenuated color intensity
- Noises seeming louder than they should
- Time seemed to slow down
- They felt spaced out
- Almost 90% of them said their partner’s face appeared deformed
- 75% saw monstrous beings
- 15% even saw traits of a relative’s face
Caputo says these descriptions indicate symptoms of dissociation, a term used to describe a departure from one’s connection with reality. Interestingly, he found that these symptoms correlated with facial deformity, but not the appearance of strange faces.
Caputo’s hypothesis was that “strange-face apparitions” could be a consequence of snapping back to “reality” after entering a dissociative state brought about by the lack of sensory stimulation.
So far what we know of a reaction called Troxler fading is that when staring at a central point for a prolonged period, features in the periphery begin to gradually disappear. However, this must be different because if this were happening then we would expect facial features to gradually vanish, not transform.
So far Caputo is the first to admit that his work is still in its infancy, and there is so much more about this amazing phenomenon that needs to be explored, but it would be interesting to find out what creates this crazy reaction.
Now you might not be able to try this at home, because the dimly lit room is expected to have something to do with it, but give it a shot. Be warned, you might never look at someone the same again. Side-effects may include scary-monster-face, or even catching a case of the feels. Good luck. If you or someone you love is struggling with substance abuse or addiction, please call toll-free 1-800-951-6135
Author: Justin Mckibben
Music is an amazing expression of life beyond what we can say. Music has the power to transcend how we feel, and has the power to give some essence and substance to the beauty and the pain that we believe in and live through in our lives. Music festivals are another awesome opportunity to live in that; let’s just get that out there. We are talking about being able to spend a day or even a week entranced by guitar strings, bass pumping a heartbeat that is a melting-pot of culture and rhythm, camping out with your friends and engaging in all types of free form frolick-like fun and other shenanigans. It can be an experience like no other, and a catalyst into a breakthrough for someone who easily gets caught up in their head.
But there is also the risk of running into some more questionable extra-curricular circumstances at music festivals, like drug use.
Social media has lately become a frequently used medium to accumulate aggregating data, given that everyone is so willing to share their experiences and lives online the whole task of collecting information is made so much simpler. With sites like Facebook and Instagram that allow for fair use of users’ data, by logging on and translating vast quantities of shared experiences and preferences you can decipher a lot, and recently one website released some data detailing the amount of times that certain drugs were mentioned in Instagram posts with relevant festivals.
It should be understood that this is not a scientific study, and does not exactly describe the quantity or drugs taken at these festivals or how many people took them. This study simply took note of how often these drugs were mentioned in a variety of contexts.
Top Drugs Mentioned at Certain Festivals
The graphic released by the site depicted the percentage of social media posts mentioning a specific substance AND event. Again these posts are not direct evidence that each individual was themselves using the substance mentioned, but these averages are meant to show the music festivals and concerts where we see the highest mentions of specific drugs.
- Mushrooms- 7.42%
- DMT– 7.22%
- LSD- 5.64%
- Crack Cocaine- 3.85%
- Mescaline- 0.48%
- MDMA/Molly/Ecstasy- 21.00%
- Mushrooms- 2.81%
- LSD- 2.6%
- Mescaline- 0.43%
- Marijuana- 25.11%
Electric Daisy Carnival
- MDMA/Molly/Ecstasy- 42.99%
- DMT- 0.90%
- Pills- 0.47%
- Mescaline- 0.33%
- Cocaine- 10.67%
- Opioids- 5.63%
- Pills- 0.29%
- Marijuana- 25.05%
- Mushrooms- 5.99%
- Crack Cocaine- 3.73%
Ultra Music Festival
- MDMA/Molly/Ecstasy- 37.68%
- LSD- 2.61%
Mad Decent Block Party
- Cocaine- 11.76%
- Opioids- 5.88%
It doesn’t come as much of a shock to anyone familiar with the reputation of Burning Man to see that psychedelics were most prevalent in posts from that festival. Also showing up in many Burning Man Instagram posts was crack cocaine, a drug not commonly associated with music festivals, yet it shows up a few times on the list.
What may also not be much of a surprise is the prevelance of MDMA/Molly/Ecstasy in relation to the electronic music festivals listed, including Electric Daisy Carnival, Ultra Music Festival, Camp Bisco.
The data shown on the graph only listed the top 3 concerts or festivals by substance, so some only made the list in one category for one substance, but that still deserves mention.
- Coachella for one only made the list once with its popular posts relating to cocaine use.
- The same goes for Marley Fest, which didn’t make the top 3 in any other category, but scored highest on marijuana posts with 82.04% of Instagram posts containing key words relating to marijuana. Far out, right?
- And the highest stat of ALL averages of social media posts actually came out of the KISS’s Chili Cook-off, where more than 90% of posts were related to alcohol.
Giving It Some Thought
So when we take into account all the information laid at our eyes by this collection of pics, tweets and tags, we have to acknowledge that drug use is prevalent at all music festivals, even the KISS Chili Cook-off and not just the more infamous and flamboyant festivals like Burning Man.
Giving it some thought, it doesn’t matter where you go, there will always been temptation. Realistically whether you are at a music festival or a middle-school play-ground there will be the possibility of exposure to drugs. What is important isn’t that we blame the places and things, but instead make an honest effort to educate young people about the dangers these drugs pose to them, and promote positive life-style choices that still allow for them to experience exciting events.
In sobriety I have attended music festivals and concerts. I have a roommate who has been sober a number of years and goes to more concerts and festivals than anyone I know, and I actually attend more live concerts and events in sobriety than I ever did using drugs and drinking. My life has been a lot more fulfilling for each experience, and getting my life back (and better) has shown me that I can be in the moment, and that freedom for me makes more room for the music.
Music festivals are a unique experience, but too many people use them as an excuse to abuse drugs that can dull them to that experience and put them at serious risk. Too many times we hear stories of people serious hurt or poisoned by drugs at concerts, and that doesn’t sound worth it. If you or someone you love is struggling with substance abuse or addiction, please call toll-free 1-800-951-6135
(This content is being used for illustrative purposes only; any person depicted in the content is a model)
By Cheryl Steinberg
In the past, we’ve written about the ibogaine plant and how some have used it in order to treat their drug addictions. Many claim that this shamanistic treatment has helped rid them of their disease of addiction, especially when it comes to opiate addiction.
We’ve also recently told you about how reality TV star Scott Disick — of Keeping Up With The Kardashians fame — announced that he had chosen to undergo ibogaine therapy at a treatment center in Costa Rica.
Considering that the drug is currently illegal in the U.S. and claims vary among users, it’s no wonder that that treating addiction with ibogaine in controversial, at least in the country.
But can ibogaine become not only accepted for use in the U.S., but an integral part of the way we treat substance use disorder and addiction? Well, there’s been talk of a radical new treatment modality in Vermont, utilizing ibogaine as a tool in treatment.
How Ibogaine Works
Ibogaine is derived from the iboga shrub and is a naturally occurring compound that serves as an interruption in the cycle of substance use disorders, and especially opioid abuse and addiction. It’s reported that ibogaine use also provides other neurological and psychological benefits in that it opens up “deep personal insights” in its users.
As it stands now, people seeking ibogaine treatment will travel to other countries, such as Mexico, where ibogaine is not illegal.
Some people who have undergone ibogaine treatment report a lasting reversal of symptoms related to their addiction. And although ibogaine has an immense amount of reported benefits, like any other drug, it is not without its risks. Ibogaine is known to have cardiovascular implications, having caused complications and even death in people with preexisting health issues.
So far, ibogaine is listed as a felony Schedule I controlled substance in the U.S.
Unfortunately, in a relatively short amount of time, Vermont has become the epicenter of the national heroin epidemic and the focal point for concerns regarding opiates and opioid use disorders.
According to the Vermont Department of Health, the number of heroin-related deaths was 35 in 2014, an increase of 66% from 21 deaths in 2013. Opiate abuse is so prevalent in the northern state that just last year, its Governor Peter Shumlin spent his entire State of the State address speaking to the heroin issue in the state, citing Vermont’s 250% increase in heroin treatment and 770% increase in treatment for all opiates since 2000.
Ibogaine in Addiction Treatment…in the U.S.?
Recently, a bill was introduced in the Vermont’s House of Representatives that goes beyond the state’s initial controversial legislation: that of regulating and taxing marijuana.
The bill, H. 387 would allow for a pilot program that utilizes ibogaine in the treatment of substance use disorders. On March 10th, Rep. Paul Dame (R-Chittenden-8-2) and Rep. Joseph “Chip” Troiano (D-Caledonia-2) introduced the bill. It has since been referred to the House Committee on Human Services.
The bill would allow for the development and implementation of a three-year pilot program to dispense ibogaine in the treatment of drug- and alcohol- addicted individuals. Eligibility required that the person is diagnosed with a severe and persistent substance abuse disorder by a health care provider and that such diagnosis was made in the course of a legitimate health care provider-patient relationship. The individual’s physician must also verify that medical efforts were made but to no avail as the patient’s reliance on drugs or alcohol has continued. An ibogaine dispensary would be operated by the Department of Health combined with a nonprofit organization.
Rep. Dame has said of the ibogaine treatment “[it’s] an interesting idea that has shown results in other countries.” He sees the bill as having the potential to save the millions of dollars in reduced treatment costs as well as shortened waiting lists for treatment programs.
“We talk a lot about protecting people’s freedoms, and here is a way we might be able to help Vermonters free themselves from a serious addiction,” he said.
Vermont’s H. 387 is actually not the first piece of ibogaine legislation in the United States. Back in 1992, then New York State Senator Joseph Galiber introduced a bill that that would make it mandatory for the Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services to encourage and support ibogaine research as a treatment for heroin and cocaine addiction. Unfortunately, that bill never moved out of committee.
If you or someone you love is struggling with substance abuse or addiction, it can make for a very desperate situation. We here are Palm Partners know and understand that. That’s why we offer a safe and comfortable place for you to begin your journey back to good health and a healthy, happy overall well-being. We offer holistic treatments interwoven with all of the industry standards that have stood the test of time. Please call toll-free 1-800-951-6135.