By Cheryl Steinberg
Manorexia is a sort of slang term for the so-called male version of eating disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. It’s not an actual scientific term and it’s an indication of a serious misconception: that of thinking that eating disorders are somehow an issue that strictly affects girls and women.
Experts agree that the medical community needs to work on recognizing eating disorders in men is a real thing; it’s a problem that affects men as well as women.
And the fact of the matter is that men, too, are experiencing an ongoing battle with their body image – leading to the development of eating disorders. It’s all about image control.
Men and Eating Disorders: Warning Signs
According to The National Eating Disorders Collaboration, here are the warning signs:
- Obsession with bodybuilding and weight-lifting; even lifting when injured
- Adrenal fatigue brought on by over training
- Low testosterone
- Disinterest in intimacy and/or sex
- Use of anabolic steroids, cutting aids, diuretics, and pre-workout energy supplements
Men and Eating Disorders: Numbers
According to the National Eating Disorders Collaboration:
- Up to 25% of eating disorder sufferers are male
- Males are typically at risk for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in their late teens and early twenties
- Males are typically at risk for binge eating disorders in their late twenties
Psychiatrist Cynthia Bulik, who directs the University of North Carolina Center of Excellence for Eating Disorders, says “This is not something that is rare. I think we need to get past the misperception that this is something that’s rare, because it does a huge disservice to boys and men.”
Therapist Jacquelyn Ekern, founder of the Eating Disorder Hope organization, says men are “less likely to come forward with it because some of them feel emasculated by it. However, they shouldn’t. It is an equal opportunity disease, and there are so many factors that can contribute.”
Substance Abuse and Eating Disorders
Professor Alison Field of Boston Children’s Hospital published a study in last November’s JAMA Pediatrics medical journal that says one in three young men have suffered from the disorder. Some take to abusing street drugs known for their purging effects. Others work out endlessly in the gym in hopes of achieving the same physique as their idols.
Studies suggest that some sufferers may have been abused in their youth, suffer a clinical depression exacerbated by alcohol or drug use, or have been battling questions of their sexuality. Attending to these underlying causes and conditions is the first step towards recovery.
Then, once in recovery from drug addiction, the tendency for most is to start living a healthy lifestyle and, considering the proclivity of recovering addicts to take things too far, it’s not a stretch to see how a lot of men in this specific population become so-called gym rats, steroid users, and even men with eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia.
The perception has been that eating disorders are an obsession with being thin, and societal stereotypes dictate that only women want to be thin. And yet nothing could be further from the truth. That’s because societal stereotypes are always changing – for instance, it used to be more desirable for women to be on the curvy side; the “thigh gap” is a new trend. Therefore, it’s not necessarily that men want to be thin; they want to have the perfect body, whatever that might be at a given time in history. In pop culture today there is only one male archetype for the adult male body: broad shoulders, bulging biceps and big barrel chests.
If you are struggling with a substance abuse issues, drug addiction, alcoholism, an eating disorder or anything like these, or if you have a loved that you think has a problem, help is available. You can call toll-free 1-800-951-6135 and speak directly with an Addiction Specialist, day or night, who can answer your questions.
Author: Justin Mckibben
So tonight the first NFL game is kicking off to begin the season, and already the scales are tipping and screwing everything up! A few players who have been busted recently for abusing drugs have just RUINED those oh so important Fantasy Football picks for a lot of us, and just demolished some score-boards. They haven’t even played one down, are you kidding me?!
Seriously guys, how is it that just as soon as the line-up is drafted and we have stacked our Fantasy Football teams with star athletes and fan favorites, some-body takes something they shouldn’t and throws our whole online strategies out the window?! Be prepared to grab your ‘handcuffs’ and switch around your reserve roster.
Thanks a lot Wes Welker!
The Denver Broncos announced this past Tuesday night that wide receiver Wes Welker would miss the first four games of the season after allegedly violating the league’s policy on performance-enhancing drugs. Reports pegged Welker’s positive test to ecstasy laced with amphetamine that Welker had supposedly taken during a now-infamous trip to the Kentucky Derby.
Welker said in an email to the Denver Post he would NEVER knowingly take a performance enhancing drug and called the NFL’s drug-testing process “clearly flawed.”
“I have never been concerned with the leagues performance enhancing or drug abuse policies because under no scenario would they ever apply to me, but I now know, that (drug-policy procedures) are clearly flawed, and I will do everything in my power to ensure they are corrected, so other individuals and teams aren’t negatively affected so rashly like this.”
Welker was reportedly enraged specifically pertaining to the report of him taking Molly, one of the many street names for MDMA. When Welker took the time to comment on these reports, he made a clearly furious statement,
“I wouldn’t have any idea where to get a Molly or what a Molly is. That’s a joke. I don’t do marijuana, I don’t do drugs. I don’t do any drugs.”
The only good news for anyone holding out hope of Welker being somewhat useful to the future of their roster is that he will be getting four full weeks to recover from his third concussion in three months. Let us hope for the Broncos sake Emmanuel Sanders and Cody Latimer will step up in Welker’s absence, but if they didn’t make your fantasy line-up it wouldn’t make a dent.
Maybe next year Josh Gordon… or not!
Another first-string player who has just devastated the whole game-plan is Josh Gordon, an extremely talented 23-year-old wide receiver for the Cleveland Browns who led the NFL last season with 1,646 yards receiving despite being banned from the first two games for a failed drug test. It was already his second known violation as a pro, and Gordon said he had inadvertently taken codeine contained in a prescription cough syrup. Obviously anyone picking him up was playing with fire.
Cleveland Browns owner Jimmy Haslam stated that the team has vowed to do all it can to help and support Gordon. During training camp, Haslam said the team never even considered cutting Gordon. The Browns knew the risk they were taking, and so did any of us in selecting Gordon for our Fantasy Football league during the 2012 supplemental draft. The Browns had forfeited a second-round pick to obtain the speedy 6-foot-3, 225-pounder who already failed at least three drug tests in college for marijuana abuse. So we probably should have seen this coming.
The Browns learned last Wednesday the 24th of August that Josh Gordon’s indefinite suspension by the NFL has held up against his appeal, and he will miss at least 16 games for another violation of the league’s substance abuse policy for testing positive for marijuana. As a repeat drug offender, Gordon stepped up to fight these charges, and is now considering suing the NFL. Surprisingly as a result of this and other controversy currently posed against the NFL for their drug testing, some considerations are being made in regards to reforming the threshold for certain substances, and taking others off of the Performance Enhancing Drug (PED) list like amphetamines.
The fact remains that if Gordon was part of your draft, you’re going to need to take a second look at your bench, because he won’t be scoring any points for your Fantasy Football stats anytime too soon, but he may score a couple with those fighting for reform.
These are just a couple of the recently popular sports dramas that have unraveled the past month, showing how drugs are killing our dreams and every chance of victory over the online Fantasy Football league for many faithful fans. At the end of the day, what we are left with is the crippling anxiety of trying to replace those players with equally as awesome athletes before the first kick-off renders our teams useless. I only hope that these changes and court cases involving these suspensions are dealt with as quick and effectively as possible, or heaven help us, and our ADP standings.
Regardless of what team you play for, or how you feel about the NFL drug testing policy, it’s easy to see how substance abuse affects more than the addict or alcoholic. Drug abuse in any form has the capacity to harm more than just individual, and often times that harm stretches farther than we realize. This article may be poking fun at that idea, but that truth of the pain in addiction is no joke. If you or someone you love is struggling with substance abuse or addiction, please call toll-free 1-800-951-6135
What are steroids?
Steroids, specifically anabolic steroids, are synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones (e.g., testosterone). They promote the growth of skeletal muscle (anabolic effects) and the development of male sexual characteristics (androgenic effects) in both males and females. The primary medical uses of these compounds are to treat delayed puberty, some types of impotence, and wasting of the body caused by HIV infection or other diseases.
Why do people abuse anabolic steroids?
One of the main reasons people give for abusing steroids is to improve their athletic performance. Another reason people give for taking steroids is to increase their muscle size or to reduce their body fat. This group includes people suffering from the behavioral syndrome called muscle dysmorphia, which causes them to have a distorted image of their bodies. Others abuse steroids as part of a pattern of high-risk behaviors. They also engage in other risky behaviors such as drinking and driving, carrying a gun, driving a motorcycle without a helmet, and abusing other illicit drugs. For these reasons, steroid users have been shown to have an increased risk of initiating or continuing steroid abuse. Because they can be abused like most other substances, using steroids in recovery might be a no-no.
Are steroids addictive?
Some steroid abusers may become addicted to the drugs, as evidenced by their continued abuse despite negative consequences such as physical problems and negative effects on social relations. Also, steroid abusers typically spend large amounts of time and money obtaining the drugs, which is another indication that they may be addicted.
People who abuse steroids can experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking steroids, such as mood swings, fatigue, restlessness, loss of appetite, insomnia, reduced sex drive, and cravings. The most dangerous of the withdrawal symptoms is depression, because it sometimes leads to suicide attempts. If left untreated, some depressive symptoms associated with anabolic steroid withdrawal have been known to persist for a year or more after the abuser stops taking the drugs. Therefore, using steroids in recovery could put your sobriety at risk. You may not consider using steroids a relapse but, it may lead you down that path with other substances.
Treatment for steroid abuse
Doctors have found that supportive therapy is sufficient in some cases. Patients are educated about what they may experience during withdrawal and are evaluated for suicidal thoughts. If symptoms are severe or prolonged, medications or hospitalization may be needed.
Some medications that have been used for treating steroid withdrawal restore the hormonal system after its disruption by steroid abuse. Other medications target specific withdrawal symptoms—for example, antidepressants to treat depression and analgesics for headaches and muscle and joint pains.
Some patients require assistance beyond pharmacological treatment of withdrawal symptoms and are treated with behavioral therapies.
Steroids in recovery: Is using Steroids a Relapse?
This is a tricky subject. It really depends on your intentions and motivation for using steroids in recovery. Consult your sponsor. Share about it in your home group. Things to consider: are you using steroids to feel better as in, looking for something external to feel better inside? Is your steroid use getting out of hand – spending excessive time and money on getting and using steroids? Are you obsessing, or experiencing compulsions to use steroids?
Food for thought: the term relapse literally means to fall or slip back into a former state, or practice; to fall back into vice, wrongdoing, or error; backslide. So, is using steroids a relapse? If you look at the behavior, itself, consider that it resembles the ways in which you thought about and used your drug(s) of choice. Using steroids in recovery seems to be at odds with sobriety. Although some people use steroids in recovery, many others consider using steroids a relapse.
If you or someone you know needs treatment for Drug Addiction please call us at 800-951-6135 or visit us online at www.palmpartners.com.
EPO and Blood Testing
Lance Armstrong made headlines last week when he finally confessed to using performance enhancing drugs during his cycling career. Armstrong, the former winner of Le Tour De France for seven straight years-received a lifetime ban from the competition by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA). He was stripped of his titles and many of his sponsors backed out of funding his brand. Soon after, Armstrong voluntarily stepped down from his position as chairman of his charitable foundation Livestrong. Despite all that, Armstrong insisted he was innocent until last week during an exclusive interview with Oprah Winfrey.
EPO and Blood Doping: What is blood doping?
Armstrong has been connected to many drugs, but one of the most well-known drugs he used is “EPO.” Use of EPO is also known as “blood doping” and it is a common method of enhancing performance among athletes.
The term blood doping originally meant the transfusion of red blood cells. Red blood cells are suited to this process because they can be frozen and later thawed out without much loss of activity. In the 1980’s, a new form of blood doping became prevalent. Athletes began using a method that involved erythropoietin (EPO). EPO is a naturally occurring hormone that stimulates the production of red blood cells. It is used to treat anemia.
EPO and Blood Doping: How does it work?
Without sufficient levels of red blood cells, a person can get exhausted, unhealthy and depressed. Red blood cells are the cells that carry oxygen from our lungs to the rest of our body. Muscles need oxygen to perform. So naturally, when our red blood cells get boosted, we get a boost of energy and our muscles can perform longer.
EPO and Blood Doping: What’s the danger?
As more and more doctors began to prescribe this “wonder drug” to patients, scientists were discovering that EPO isn’t all it’s cracked up to be. It multiplies red blood cells, but too many red blood cells can make the blood thicker and more viscous. The heart has to work overtime to pump it. For this reason, EPO raised the risks of strokes, blood clots and heart attacks. It may even cause cancer cells to multiply more quickly. This is especially scary since EPO is often prescribed to treat cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia.
EPO and Blood Doping: How is it detected?
EPO is difficult to detect, since it is a naturally occurring hormone. There were no test for laboratory-created EPO until the early 2000s, but even then it was barely detectable. An inherent problem with the test is that, whereas pharmaceutical EPO may be undetectable in the circulation a few days after administration, its effects may persist for several weeks.
Also, many times an athlete will combine methods of blood doping. The risk of detection is much lower when EPO is used long before a race, but you want those high levels of red blood cells. Athletes will inject EPO several weeks before a race, then when the blood is chock full of red blood cells; they take it out and store it until race time.
If your loved one is in need of drug or alcohol addiction treatment please give us a call at 800-951-6135.
Leave it to Oprah to get that confession from Lance.
Oprah was to reveal the confession in her interview with Armstrong this upcoming Thursday on the OWN network, but a source close to the story leaked it before she was able to do so.
Oprah met with Armstrong yesterday in his hometown of Austin, Texas to interview him about the allegations, investigation, and losing his title. The two-part episode of “Oprah’s Next Chapter” will air nationally Thursday and Friday, Jan. 17-18, 2013.
Are you surprised? I’m not, but I was hoping that it wasn’t true. I was rooting for him and for his accomplishments. It takes extraordinary discipline, talent, strength and dedication to be an athlete at the level he competed at. Maybe that’s why he decided to turn to doping? Maybe the pressure of being number one was too much? Perhaps, he was fully aware of what he was doing and didn’t care. No one will really know; no one but Lance Armstrong himself.
I believe that the statement released back in October by the USADA CEO, Travis T. Tygart, in regards to The U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy really got the clock ticking for Armstrong’s judgment day.
In it, Tygart wrote:
“The evidence of the US Postal Service Pro Cycling Team-run scheme is overwhelming and is in excess of 1000 pages, and includes sworn testimony from 26 people, including 15 riders with knowledge of the US Postal Service Team (USPS Team) and its participants’ doping activities. The evidence also includes direct documentary evidence including financial payments, emails, scientific data and laboratory test results that further prove the use, possession and distribution of performance enhancing drugs by Lance Armstrong and confirm the disappointing truth about the deceptive activities of the USPS Team, a team that received tens of millions of American taxpayer dollars in funding.
Together these different categories of eyewitness, documentary, first-hand, scientific, direct and circumstantial evidence reveal conclusive and undeniable proof that brings to the light of day for the first time this systemic, sustained and highly professionalized team-run doping conspiracy. All of the material will be made available later this afternoon on the USADA website at www.usada.org.
The USPS Team doping conspiracy was professionally designed to groom and pressure athletes to use dangerous drugs, to evade detection, to ensure its secrecy and ultimately gain an unfair competitive advantage through superior doping practices. A program organized by individuals who thought they were above the rules and who still play a major and active role in sport today.
The evidence demonstrates that the ‘Code of Silence’ of performance enhancing drug use in the sport of cycling has been shattered, but there is more to do. From day one, we always hoped this investigation would bring to a close this troubling chapter in cycling’s history and we hope the sport will use this tragedy to prevent it from ever happening again”.
Based on that statement and the 1,000 pages plus report that accompanied it many of Lance’s remaining sponsors dropped him and he eventually resigned from his Livestrong Charity. I guess we’ll have to wait until Thursday to find out the truth according to Lance Armstrong”.
Read the full article on the Huffington Post.
If your loved one is in need of alcohol or drug addiction treatment please give us a call at 800-951-6135.